Edition V08N01 | Year 2014 | Editorial Expedientelicações e Aplicações | Pages 68 to 80
“Essence” is the primary reason for being, using or understanding something. The essence of a membrane, regarding the mechanisms of socket bone repair, is to replace the injured or damaged periosteum so as to prevent non-osteogenic cells from colonizing blood clot and exudate, forming a fibrous or adipose tissue to fill the “empty” spaces. Bone cells are slower in comparison to other cells; and the membranes, which substitute the periosteum, preserve or restore the bone cavity which becomes an area restricted to bone cells. Furthermore, due to its organization and productive capacity, the periosteum plays an essential role in bone reconstruction and remodeling, adapting the bone to potential functional demands.