Edition V07N02 | Year 2013 | Editorial Artigo de Revisão | Pages 60 to 66
Introduction: Materials Science has been of paramount importance to Dentistry because the biomaterials involved have specific characteristics that allow them to have a predictable application. In Implantology, the following may be emphasized: biomaterials, membranes and implant surfaces. It is of vital importance to study the physicochemical characteristics of biomaterials in order to correctly choose what provides a specific biological outcome. Therefore, analysis of properties such as crystallinity, particle size, porosity, and specific surface area is crucial to understand the in vivo performance of materials. Implant surfaces have also been developed to improve the osseointegration process in areas with poor quantity or quality of bone.
Objective: The aim of this study is to carry out a literature review about the importance of Materials Science in the development of biomaterials used in Implantology.