Edition V06N01 | Year 2012 | Editorial Artigo de Revisão | Pages 68 to 74
Objective: To highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the concept of shortened dental arch in the rehabilitation of a dentition with conventional and implant supported prosthesis, expanding treatment options to patients.
Literature review: The traditional restorative concept makes the dentition a cycle of permanent repair, more than 50% of the restorative treatments consists on the repair of previous restorations. The shortened dental arch has been studied for some time and there is evidence that shows its predictability as an option in dental treatments.
Discussion: The shortened dental arch is indicated to simplify the treatment plan, but it is important to consider their limitations in young patients that frequently have a high requirement for functionality, in patients with anterior open bite or with occlusal relationship type Class II and III, severe occlusal wear and in patients with bruxism.
Conclusion: Dental treatment aims to maintain the natural function of the dentition during life, including social and biological functions, such as self-esteem, aesthetics, phonetics, chewing and oral comfort. The philosophy of the shortened dental arch meets all these requirements, expanding treatment options to patients.