Topographic characteristics of implants surface and osteoblast adhesion: a literature review

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Edition V14N02 | Year 2017 | Editorial Artigo Original | Pages 83 to 90

Beatrice Caroline Medeiros Bandeira de Sousa, Hannah Menezes Lira, Sandra de Cássia Santana Sardinha, Edval Reginaldo Tenório Júnior

Objective: This study aimed at correlating the topographical features of implants surface and osteoblast adhesion. Methods: a search for publications using the BIREME and PubMed databases was performed. The search was limited to in vitro studies published in English, in the last 5 years (January, 2010 to November, 2014). Results: A total of 145 abstracts were recovered and only 23 articles were selected after reading the title and abstract; 61% of the articles found a positive correlation between the roughness and the adhesion of osteoblasts and 39% of the studies found no correlation. Among the surfaces most cited by the selected articles, the machined surface was in the first place, with 56.5% of citations; followed by the microstructured surface, with 52.1%; biomimetics, with 30.4%; macrotexturized and nanotexturized, with 26% each. It was also observed different cell types used for osteoblast adhesion analysis, and different methods for adhesion analysis. Conclusion: Most of the selected studies showed that osteoblasts exhibit greater initial adhesion on roughened titanium surfaces and there was no standardization of the cell type used for osteoblast adhesion analysis and of the method used for adhesion analysis.

Dental implants, subperiosteal, Surface properties, Cell adhesion, Osteoblasts,

Sousa BCMB, Lira HM, Sardinha SCS, Tenório Júnior ER. Topographic characteristics of implants surface and osteoblast adhesion: a literature review. J Clin Dent Res. 2017 Apr-June;14(2):83-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14436/2447-911x.14.2.083-090.oar

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