Edition V06N02 | Year 2012 | Editorial Entrevista | Pages 8 to 18
Historically, and by definition, Dentistry is a profession belonging to the health sciences, which takes care of human health, studies and treats the stomatognathic system, comprising the face, neck and oral cavity, including bones, masticatory muscles, joints, teeth, tissues, vessels and nerves.
Engineering is a profession that is part of the exact sciences, to acquire and apply mathematical, scientific and technical knowledge in the creation, development and implementation of utilities, such as materials, structures, machines, devices, systems or processes that perform a particular function or purpose. In creation processes, development and implementation, Engineering combines many expertise in order to enable the utilities, taking into account society, technology, economy and environment.
As in Dentistry, Engineering is also a very comprehensive science, comprising a range of more specialized branches, each one with a more specific emphasis on certain fields of application and certain types of technology.
In Brazil, over the past 20 years of osseointegration, it has been observed a marked and growing association between these two distinct areas, making Dentistry and Engineering to exchange information and use cross-terminologies to name, define and better understand some classic phenomena widely studied in literature.
Dental Press Implantology brings to this interview one of the greatest scholars, competent professional and responsible for this healthy interaction: The Metallurgical Engineer, MSc and PhD in Materials Science from the Military Institute of Engineering (IME), a scientist and researcher, Prof. Dr. Carlos Nelson Elias. He discusses various issues related to the Brazilian Dentistry and contemporary Implantology, where he has played an important role and still participates decisively in the development of materials, designs and surfaces of implants used in the national market. An enlightening exhibition revealing the great history of osseointegration in Brazil.
He is, currently, an Associate Professor of IME, twice selected as “Scientist of the state of Rio de Janeiro” (2004 and 2008), a researcher at the Research Foundation of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ) and fellow researcher level 1C of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). Dr. Carlos Nelson Elias is also collaborator of the courses of Orthodontics – UFRJ, Endodontics – UERJ, Metallurgy – UFF and Endodontics – Estácio de Sá. He has experience in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, with an emphasis in Physical Metallurgy, working on coronary stents, dental materials, development of dental implants, surface modification of dental implants, endodontic instruments, orthodontic appliances, coloring of titanium and simulation.
Our interviewee has 185 articles published in scientific journals, one book, 17 book chapters, 230 papers presented at national and international conferences, 40 from MSc and 14 from PhD. Consultant of the journal Acta Biomaterialia, American Journal of Orthodontics, Clinical Implant Dental Research, Implant News, Indian Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B, Journal of Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials, Journal of Nanomedicine, Materials Research, Materials Science and Engineering: C, Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica, Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia, Surface and Coating Technology. Besides having a patent application in the Brazilian PTO, related to the surface treatment of implants.
With this vast experience, it is common to hear in the background of the Brazilian Implantology that the recognized researcher and professor Dr. Tomas Albrektsson (University of Gothenburg) is to Sweden and to the world as respected as the researcher and professor Dr. Carlos Nelson Elias (Military Institute of Engineering – IME) is to Brazil and to the world. Science and research are thankful to them!
Luiz Rogério Duarte